Architecture Indonesian Culture
Nusantara architecture, also called Indonesian architecture, is architecture that is designed by considering aspects such as cultures, beliefs, social, and environment in Indonesia. Nusantara architecture is not limited to traditional and vernacular versions of Indonesian architecture.
Indonesian architecture usually adopting 2 seasons, that is the rainy season and the dry season, this is usually the basis for building design in a tropical country.
Modern Indonesian architecture is also considered as nusantara architecture as long as it still considers those aspects within the design.
Nusantara architecture is important because it becomes the physical proof of Indonesia’s identity and differentiates it from other countries’ architecture.
Identity becomes important in architecture because the development of universal design that emphasize equity in architecture.
This doesn’t mean architecture everywhere will be the same, instead architects are challenged to implements the equity while still having identity in the design.
Within the past few decades, Indonesian architecture has changed considerably. From traditional architecture, to colonial architecture (most of it was because of the Netherland’s influence), to post Indonesian independence architecture until it becomes Indonesian architecture now. There are many misinterpretations regarding merging cultures and beliefs aspects into architecture in architecture nowadays.
We do not just merge a traditional roof to a modern building without any alterations. This can result in unsuitable facade and inefficient overall design.
There is also architecture that implements social and environment aspects blindly. For instance, we cannot simply make a building’s facade from glass when the design is for a building in tropical climate because this can cause severe discomfort for user and energy usage inefficiency.
Architecture education is the key to lower the probability for these complications from happening.